Trauma is the most common cause of dents and marks in fingernails, the condition can be an indicator of an undiagnosed issue in the body. Paying attention to your nails can help you get an early consultation with a Naturopath and get diagnosed and treated sooner.
Lesser Known Causes for Dents in Fingernails
The least known cause for ridges in the nail tells us that the body is not at the peak of health.
Muehrcke’s Lines: Are seen in pairs of transverse white colored lines spread horizontally across the nail and parallel to its base. Patients suffering from the following conditions get these lines:
* Kidney disease
* Liver disease
* Low levels of albumin
Beau’s Lines: These are horizontal ridges on the nail plate. The following are the illnesses with which these lines are associated:
* Patients treated with chemotherapy
* Systemic infection
* Raynaud’s disease
* Injury to the nails
These lines disappear as soon the patient recovers from these conditions.
Terry’s Nails: These patients have white nail plate along with a horizontal dent closer to the finger tip. Some of the ailments associated with these ridges are:
* HIV infection
* Kidney disease
Mee’s Lines: These white bands of ridges are seen on more than one nail. However, the nail bed is not affected. As a result, the condition does not worsen with the continuous growth of nail. These dents are seen in people suffering from arsenic poisoning and serious systemic diseases.
Lunulae: A white half-shaped moon at the base of the nail, mostly the thumbs. This is called the lunula. If this section of the nail turns blue, the person suffers from silver poisoning or Wilson disease. If it turns red, then it implies conditions like:
* Heart Failure
* Carbon dioxide Poisoning
* Liver Cirrhosis
Injury to the Nail: these are the most common causes of ridges in the finger nails in healthy individuals. They go away along with the normal growth of the nail.
Nutrition: As malnutrition is an important cause for developing ridges in the finger nails, a good multivitamin with added nutrients like iron, zinc and vitamin B-12 should be included into the diet.
Types of Dents in Fingernails and what do they Mean?
Small Dents In Fingernails
You can get small dents in the fingernails, it can be due to an inflammatory skin condition known as psoriasis. This is a skin condition,in which, red scale like small patches appear on your skin. Psoriasis can also affect the skin cells present in the nails and cause small dents to appear on the fingernails. But, when treatment for psoriasis is done, the dents will also disappear gradually. Small dents on the fingernails can also occur due to nail biting, trauma to your nail bed or it can also be heredity.
Horizontal Dents In Fingernails
These dents run from one side of the fingernail to the other. However, the presence of horizontal dents in your fingernails can be an indication of possible health conditions. The reasons for these dents can vary. A systematic infection or diabetes can lead to dents in fingernails. Cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy treatment also get horizontal dents. The nails tend to stop growing when a person is under a lot of stress for an extended period of time. When the nail starts to grow again, indentations occur at that particular spot.
A lot of people tend to ignore dents and ridges in their fingernails. But, these dents could be an indication of a undiagnosed medical conditions such as iron deficiency, circulatory problems and also thyroid diseases. If you spot any dents in or on your fingernails, make sure that you do not ignore them! Instead take good care of your nails and your health.